Rclone 安装配置教程 - 连接 OneDrive 和 Google Drive

请注意,本文编写于 523 天前,最后修改于 42 天前,其中某些信息可能已经过时。

前言

Rclone 是一个的命令行工具,支持在不同对象存储、网盘间同步、上传、下载数据。并且通过一些设置可以实现离线下载、服务器备份等非常实用的功能。这里以 OneDrive 和 Google Drive 为例子,进行连接配置,其它网盘的操作类似。由于是交互式配置选项,只要能看懂基本没有任何难度。

安装 Rclone

官方提供了一键安装脚本

curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | sudo bash

Rclone 连接 OneDrive

获取 token

在本地 Windows 电脑上下载 rclone,然后解压出来,解压后进入文件夹,在资源管理器地址栏输入cmd,回车就会在当前路径打开命令提示符。输入以下命令:

rclone authorize "onedrive"

接下来会弹出浏览器,要求你登录账号进行授权。授权完后命令提示符窗口会出现以下信息:

If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link: http://127.0.0.1:53682/auth
Log in and authorize rclone for access
Waiting for code...
Got code
Paste the following into your remote machine --->
{"access_token":"xxxxxxxx"}  # 注意!复制{xxxxxxxx}整个内容,并保存好,后面需要用到
<---End paste

配置 Rclone

输入 rclone config 命令,会出现以下信息,参照下面的注释进行操作。


点击查看

TIPS: 因为 RCLONE 会时不时进行更新,当你看到这篇教程时菜单选项可能已经发生了略微的改动,但大致思路不会变,不要无脑照搬操作
e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> n  # 选择n,新建
name> P3TERX   # 输入名称,类似于标签,用于区分不同的网盘。
Type of storage to configure.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / A stackable unification remote, which can appear to merge the contents of several remotes
   \ "union"
 2 / Alias for a existing remote
   \ "alias"
 3 / Amazon Drive
   \ "amazon cloud drive"
 4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Providers (AWS, Ceph, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio)
   \ "s3"
 5 / Backblaze B2
   \ "b2"
 6 / Box
   \ "box"
 7 / Cache a remote
   \ "cache"
 8 / Dropbox
   \ "dropbox"
 9 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
   \ "crypt"
10 / FTP Connection
   \ "ftp"
11 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
   \ "google cloud storage"
12 / Google Drive
   \ "drive"
13 / Hubic
   \ "hubic"
14 / JottaCloud
   \ "jottacloud"
15 / Local Disk
   \ "local"
16 / Mega
   \ "mega"
17 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
   \ "azureblob"
18 / Microsoft OneDrive
   \ "onedrive"
19 / OpenDrive
   \ "opendrive"
20 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
   \ "swift"
21 / Pcloud
   \ "pcloud"
22 / QingCloud Object Storage
   \ "qingstor"
23 / SSH/SFTP Connection
   \ "sftp"
24 / Webdav
   \ "webdav"
25 / Yandex Disk
   \ "yandex"
26 / http Connection
   \ "http"
Storage> 18  # 选择18,Microsoft OneDrive
** See help for onedrive backend at: https://rclone.org/onedrive/ **

Microsoft App Client Id
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_id>   # 留空,回车
Microsoft App Client Secret
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_secret>   # 留空,回车
Edit advanced config? (y/n)
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n  # 选n
Remote config
Use auto config?
 * Say Y if not sure
 * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n  # 选n
For this to work, you will need rclone available on a machine that has a web browser available.
Execute the following on your machine:
    rclone authorize "onedrive"
Then paste the result below:
result> {"XXXXXXXX"}  # 上面保存的token复制到这里
2018/10/31 19:54:06 ERROR : Failed to save new token in config file: section 'P3TERX' not found
Choose a number from below, or type in an existing value
 1 / OneDrive Personal or Business
   \ "onedrive"
 2 / Root Sharepoint site
   \ "sharepoint"
 3 / Type in driveID
   \ "driveid"
 4 / Type in SiteID
   \ "siteid"
 5 / Search a Sharepoint site
   \ "search"
Your choice> 1  # 这里问你要选择的类型,选1
Found 1 drives, please select the one you want to use:
0: OneDrive (business) 
Chose drive to use:> 0  # 程序找到网盘,这里编号是0,就选择0
Found drive 'root' of type 'business', URL: https://xxxxxx-my.sharepoint.com/personal/xxxxxxx/Documents
Is that okay?
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> y  # 选y
--------------------
[P3TERX]
type = onedrive
token = {"XXXXXXXX"}
drive_id = XXXXXXXXX
drive_type = business
--------------------
y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> y  # 选y
Current remotes:

Name                 Type
====                 ====
P3TERX               onedrive

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q  # 选q,退出

至此,Rclone 已成功连接到了 OneDrive 网盘。

Rclone 连接 Google Drive

与 OneDrive 不同的是,Google Drive 不需要本地 Windows 客户端预先进行授权获取 token,而是在配置过程中进行授权。

输入 rclone config 命令,会出现以下信息,参照下面的注释进行操作。


点击查看

TIPS: 因为 RCLONE 会时不时进行更新,当你看到这篇教程时菜单选项可能已经发生了略微的改动,但大致思路不会变,不要无脑照搬操作
e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> n  # 选择n,新建
name> Google  # 输入名称,类似于标签,用于区分不同的网盘。
Type of storage to configure.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / A stackable unification remote, which can appear to merge the contents of several remotes
   \ "union"
 2 / Alias for a existing remote
   \ "alias"
 3 / Amazon Drive
   \ "amazon cloud drive"
 4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Providers (AWS, Ceph, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio)
   \ "s3"
 5 / Backblaze B2
   \ "b2"
 6 / Box
   \ "box"
 7 / Cache a remote
   \ "cache"
 8 / Dropbox
   \ "dropbox"
 9 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
   \ "crypt"
10 / FTP Connection
   \ "ftp"
11 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
   \ "google cloud storage"
12 / Google Drive
   \ "drive"
13 / Hubic
   \ "hubic"
14 / JottaCloud
   \ "jottacloud"
15 / Local Disk
   \ "local"
16 / Mega
   \ "mega"
17 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
   \ "azureblob"
18 / Microsoft OneDrive
   \ "onedrive"
19 / OpenDrive
   \ "opendrive"
20 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
   \ "swift"
21 / Pcloud
   \ "pcloud"
22 / QingCloud Object Storage
   \ "qingstor"
23 / SSH/SFTP Connection
   \ "sftp"
24 / Webdav
   \ "webdav"
25 / Yandex Disk
   \ "yandex"
26 / http Connection
   \ "http"
Storage> 12  # 选择12,Google Drive
** See help for drive backend at: https://rclone.org/drive/ **

Google Application Client Id
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_id>  # 留空,回车
Google Application Client Secret
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_secret>  # 留空,回车
Scope that rclone should use when requesting access from drive.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Full access all files, excluding Application Data Folder.
   \ "drive"
 2 / Read-only access to file metadata and file contents.
   \ "drive.readonly"
   / Access to files created by rclone only.
 3 | These are visible in the drive website.
   | File authorization is revoked when the user deauthorizes the app.
   \ "drive.file"
   / Allows read and write access to the Application Data folder.
 4 | This is not visible in the drive website.
   \ "drive.appfolder"
   / Allows read-only access to file metadata but
 5 | does not allow any access to read or download file content.
   \ "drive.metadata.readonly"
scope> 1
ID of the root folder
Leave blank normally.
Fill in to access "Computers" folders. (see docs).
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
root_folder_id>  # 留空,回车
Service Account Credentials JSON file path
Leave blank normally.
Needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
service_account_file>
Edit advanced config? (y/n)
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n
Remote config
Use auto config?
 * Say Y if not sure
 * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine or Y didn't work
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n
If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link: https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?access_type=offline&client_id=XXXXXXXXXXX.apps.googleusercontent.com&redirect_uri=urn%3Aietf%3Awg%3Aoauth%3A2.0%3Aoob&response_type=code&scope=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.googleapis.com%2Fauth%2Fdrive&state=XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Log in and authorize rclone for access  # 会弹出浏览器,要求你登录账号进行授权。如果没有弹出,复制上面的链接到浏览器中打开进行授权。
Enter verification code>  # 在这里输入网页上显示的验证码

Configure this as a team drive?
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> y
Fetching team drive list...
No team drives found in your account--------------------
[Google]
type = drive
scope = drive
token = {"access_token":"XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX"}
--------------------
y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> y
Current remotes:

Name                 Type
====                 ====
Google               drive
P3TERX               onedrive

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q

至此,Rclone 已成功连接到了 Google Drive 网盘。

使用教程

配置完成后你可以去看 Rclone 相关使用教程 来了解 Rclone 更多进阶使用技巧。

参考

rclone 官方手册

在Debian/Ubuntu上使用rclone挂载OneDrive网盘

添加新评论

已有 2 条评论

client_secret> # 留空,回车 之后多了
Optional - needed only for list/create/delete buckets - see your developer console.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
project_number>
这个怎么输入

没遇到过这个情况,建议你从头开始